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China Resists US Efforts to Blacklist Ships Through UN

China Resists US Efforts to Blacklist Ships Through UN

U.S. President Donald Trump on Thursday said China has been "caught" allowing oil into North Korea and said such moves would prevent "a friendly solution" to the crisis over Pyongyang's nuclear program.

The U.S. Treasury Department last month sanctioned six North Korean shipping and trading companies and 20 of their vessels, and published photos of what it said was a North Korean vessel on 19 October possibly transferring oil to evade sanctions.

Instead of going to Taiwan, however, the vessel transferred 600 tonnes of oil to the North Korean vessel Sam Jong 2 in worldwide waters off China before returning to Yeosu, the customs service officials said.

China on Thursday blocked a USA effort at the United Nations to blacklist six foreign-flagged ships - five of which were mainland-China - or Hong Kong-owned - that Washington believes had engaged in illicit trade with North Korea, a UN Security Council diplomat said.

The sales of oil or oil products from Russian Federation, the world's second biggest oil exporter and a veto-wielding member of the United Nations Security Council, breach UN sanctions, the security sources said.

The information released by South Korea authorities on Friday did not include details about possible involvement by the Chinese government.

"We never allow Chinese companies and citizens to violate the resolutions", she said.

Ship tracking data in Thomson Reuters Eikon shows that the Lighthouse Winmore has mainly been doing supply runs between China and Taiwan since August.

Trump may could end up ignoring the reality that changes in trade behavior can take a long time and the fact that the United States still has more options to try to force countries to follow new UN rules. It claimed its destination as Taiwan when leaving Yeosu on 11 October, a South Korean foreign office official said.

A second source independently confirmed the existence of the Russian ship-to-ship fuel trade with North Korea.

"The actions taken will be reported to the UNSC sanctions committee on North Korea in the future", according to the authorities.

China is North Korea's trading partner, and has repeatedly come under scrutiny as the global community hopes to force Pyongyang away from the nuclear program that is now bolstered by missiles able of delivering a warhead to the U.S. East Coast.

Three of the ships designated were North Korean, while the other was the Panama-registered Billions No. 18.

The US-drafted United Nations resolution seeks to ban almost 90 percent of refined petroleum exports to North Korea by capping them at 500,000 barrels a year.

Earlier this year, in an emergency United Nations Security Council meeting convened in response to Pyongyang's latest launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile, America's ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley warned that some countries were "continuing to fund the North Korean nuclear program". North Korea relies on China for almost all of its energy supplies, and China accounts for more than 90 percent of North Korea's total trade volume.

According to the European security sources, the Vityaz conducted a ship-to-ship transfer with the North Korean Flagged Sam Ma 2 tanker in open seas during October.