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Pentagon updates US Nuclear Posture Review

Pentagon updates US Nuclear Posture Review

The German response to the USA nuclear review comes on the heels of condemnations from Russia, China, North Korea and Iran.

Days after Washington published a document outlining it's plans to expand its nuclear capabilities to deter others, Asian giants, China has accused the United States of having a "Cold War" mentally.

According to reports, the review of USA nuclear policy has already riled Russian Federation, which viewed the document as confrontational, and raised fears that it could increase the risk of miscalculation between the two countries.

A critical element of US nuclear deterrence, it is reaching the end of it's useful life after 33 years in service.

The Pentagon called for the United States to develop two new types of weapons in an update of its nuclear policy Friday.

In a tweet published on Saturday, Zarif wrote, "The US Nuclear Posture Review reflects greater reliance on nukes in violation of the NPT, bringing humankind closer to annihilation".

The Pentagon document, which is largely in line with the previous review in 2010, said the USA would modify a small number of submarine-launched ballistic missile warheads with low-yield options.

Avoidance of "automaticity", a system where there is an automated retaliation in the form of a nuclear strike, and the need for new low-yield nuclear weapons are among the highlights of the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) of the United States government released over the weekend.

Friday's report endorsed adhering to USA arms control agreements, including the New START treaty that limits the United States and Russian Federation each to 1,550 strategic nuclear warheads on a maximum of 700 deployed launchers.

The review mentions that nuclear weapons could be used as retaliation in "extreme circumstances", not just as retaliation to a nuclear attack.

China has the world's fifth-largest nuclear arsenal, with 300 warheads, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Mattis told reporters the United States should not put all of its focus into defending attacks because it also needs better offensive options that match other countries' nuclear abilities. "In a competitive situation, you also have to hold at risk, in this case, what North Korea holds dear, to remind them, 'Don't do it".

"There are no good nukes and no such thing as a limited nuclear war.

The bomb dropped on Hiroshima was 'low-yield, '" the Nobel Peace Prize-winning nongovernmental organization said.

The NPT, which came into force in 1970 and has been signed by nearly all countries including the United States, calls on nations "to achieve at the earliest possible date the cessation of the nuclear arms race and to undertake measures in the direction of nuclear disarmament".